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Keynote Speech
First Keynote Speech
Professor Emeritus Dato’ Dr. Tengku Mohd Tengku Sembok
Texts, Semantics and Artificial Intelligence in Information Retrieval

The levels-of-processing theory proposes that there are many ways to process and code information. The level of processing adopted will determine the quality of the representation used to store the information and thus, will affect the quality of the retrieval results. The levels-of-processing applied in information retrieval can be classified as string processing, morphological processing, syntactic processing, semantic processing, and now generative AI processing. Conventional information retrieval models, such as Boolean and vector space models rely on an extensive use of keywords, as independent strings, and their frequencies in storing and retrieving information. With advances in natural language processing, and in the fields of artificial intelligence, attempts have been made to include knowledge representation and linguistic processing into information retrieval and question-answering systems. The most recent advancement is the application of generative AI in information retrieval and question-answering systems. Some of our work, from text processing to semantic processing, will be revisited and concluded with generative AI.
Curriculum Vitae
Tengku Mohd Tengku Sembok has over forty years of experience in various fields of ICT. He is a professor of Computer Science at Kulliyyah of ICT, IIUM. He obtained his BSc (Hons) in Computer Science from Brighton Polytechnic in 1977, MS from Iowa University in 1981, and PhD from Glasgow University in 1989. He had served in various capacities and organizations, among which are IBM, Rubber Research Institute, Daresbury Nuclear Physics Laboratory, Prime’s Minister Department of Malaysia, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, and Pemodalan Nasional Berhad. He served as Deputy Vice Chancellor Academic and Internationalization of UPNM for nine years until 2021. Among the management posts held are Head Department of Computer Science (UKM), Dean of Faculty of Information Science and Technology (UKM), Dean of Kulliyyah ICT (IIUM), Director of Research Management Centre (UPNM) and Director of Cybersecurity Centre (UPNM). His areas of interest are Information Retrieval, Natural Language Processing, Artificial Intelligence, Courseware Development, and anything close at hand.

Second Keynote Speech
Professor Dato’ Dr. Mohamad Fauzan Noordin
Social Media from Islamic Perspective

The emergence of social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram has had a profound impact on every aspect of human life. However, the designers of social media in the Western world have come to recognize the negative impact and addictive nature that these platforms can have on users. They acknowledge that the algorithms employed by social media platforms are complex and challenging to understand and control, often driven by commercial interests rather than the true values of life. Consequently, this has led to various issues, including identity theft, cyberbullying, and privacy infringements. These problems arise due to the absence of proper guidance and guidelines. As Muslims, we are encouraged to integrate the teachings of the Quran and Sunnah to address these challenges. Surah Al-Hujurat emphasizes the importance of verifying information and avoiding defamation and suspicion. Therefore, we must use social media wisely, aligning our actions with Islamic values to foster a healthy and positive online environment. Keywords: Social Media, Islamic Perspective, Surah Al-Hujurat, ICT and Islam
Curriculum Vitae
Professor Dato’ Dr. Mohamad Fauzan Noordin received his Ph.D. from the University of Wales, U.K.1997; MBA from the Central Missouri State University, U.S.A. 1991; and B.Sc.(Computer Science) from the University of Missouri Kansas City, USA 1989. He is a Professor in Knowledge Technology at Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology, International Islamic University Malaysia. Currently, he is the Director of the International Institution of Islamic Thought (IIIT) Southeast Asia and the Head of the ICT and Islamic Research Cluster. He was the Dean of the Center for Postgraduate Studies, International Islamic University Malaysia (2012-2013). In 2004, he was a Visiting Scholar at the University of Bahrain (2004-2005), Jazan University, KSA (2010-2011), and Islamic University of Maldives (2018). His book, “ICT and Islam” has been used in several universities. He achieved Darjah Setia Pangkuan Negeri Award (DSPN) Pulau Pinang which carries the title Dato’ by TYT Yang Di-Pertua Negeri Pulau Pinang on 23 July 2022. He was a member of various research panels including the Ministry of Science Technology and Innovation since 2005, the National Dakwah Policy of Malaysia (JAKIM), and Adjunct Professor at the University Islam Sultan Sharif Ali, Brunei Darussalam (2017-2018), Adjunct Professor at Swinburne University Technology Sarawak Branch (2019-2020). Prof Noordin was appointed as Chairman of Cybersecurity Committee for Malaysia Crime Prevention Foundation (MCPF) chaired by Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia (2019-2020), Member of Penang State Government Syura Council, Penang Islamic Religious Council (2019-2022), and Vice President of WADAH Pencerdasan Umat Malaysia (2022-2024). He also has been appointed as Deputy Chairman National Education Advisory Council (NEAC) 2023-2025 by the Minister of Education. He was Co-Founder MyAis (Malaysian Association Information System). He specializes in Knowledge Technology, Management Information Systems (MIS), ICT and Islam, Social Networking, Cloud Computing, E-Banking, Knowledge Management, and Wisdom in ICT. In publishing, he has contributed more than 100 books, chapters, and articles in various local and international journals. Prof. Dato’ Dr. Mohamad Fauzan bin Noordin from Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology has been pioneered as the winner of ‘Cybersafe Professional of the Year in the Cyber Security Malaysia Awards, Conference & Exhibition (CSM-ACE) 2021. He was awarded Gold Medal at Malaysia Technology Expo 2016 (MTE) and received international recognition from Qatar Foundation Hamad Bin Khalifa University in 2019. This prominent leader is also a Bronze Award recipient for Animation Category entitled “Al-Kahfi” and Promising Award for Animation Category entitled “Al-Biruni” at Islamic World Film Festival 2013

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